Basic First Aid - Primary Assessment
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- Primary Assessment
The basic first aid that is given to a casualty immediately after an accident can make the difference between a minor injury and a long stay in hospital or even death.
Try to remember the primary assessment abbreviated to : DRsAB or Drs ABC.
First Aid Primary Assessment
|D: Danger||Check the area for danger and do not approach if it unsafe or there is a rick of further injury to yourself or the casualty.|
|R: Response||Check the casualty for a response: gently shake the casualty and ask if they can hear you.
If they are responsive: get details of what happened and assess the casualty yourself.
If in any doubt about their condition you must get professional help for them.
If they are unresponsive: quickly shout for help and try to attract attention to someone to come over to you.
|S: Shout for help||NOTE: this was removed from recommended practice in 2016. Some people think it is still a good idea to try to attract attention and get people to come to assist you or be ready to assit you if needed.|
|A: Airway||Open the casualties airway by gently tilting the head back and lifting the chin.|
|B: Breathing||Check for breathing by looking, listening, and feeling for 10 seconds.
If normal breathing is not detected:
Secondary Assessment and Casualty Position
|Position Correctly||Make sure the casualty in in a suitable position to maintain their airway and assist breathing.|
|Body Check||thourough check of casualty for injuries.|
|Information||Get as much relevant information about the casualty as possible. S.A.M.P.L.E & P.Q.R.S.T questions can be used to help gather information.|
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